Take preventive action against breast cancer

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Breast Cancer in the Philippines

Did you know that, according to the World health Organization (WHO), breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and one of the main causes of death?

Here in the Philippines and according to the DOH, being cancer the top cause of death, breast cancer account for 30% of cancer causes among women. 3 out of 100 women will develop breast cancer in their lifetime.

There are several risk factor although is no known specific cause of breast cancer, but you can act to prevent it.

Healthy habits could also prevent breast cancer

The World Health Organization recommends simple healthy habits that could eventually have an impact in reducing the incidence of breast cancer, such as:

  • Exercise. Have an active lifestyle. Even if it is just a 30 minutes’ walk every day. You’ll feel better and, among many other benefits, it will help you prevent breast cancer.
  • Control your weight with a healthy diet reach in vegetables, fruits, whole grain nuts and legumes. Reduce the intake of fats choosing the healthy ones and choose fish over meat.
  • Reduce the intake of alcohol
  • Limit postmenopausal hormone therapy

A basic preventive routine for early detection of breast cancer: Screen yourself!

Early detection of any signs of breast cancer can make all the difference in prevention and treatment. This can be done easily with simple screening routines.

It is recommended to perform self-palpation / observation of the breasts in a regular way. No specific technique is required. This simple routine increases the chance to discovery any breast minor changes or abnormality such as the appearance of lumps. Whenever you notice any suspicious breast changes, seek medical attention.

Mammography for early detection of breast cancer

A mammography is a screening diagnostic and is a very important tool that doctors use for diagnosis and detection of breast cancer.

When is it time to have a mammography?

Women between 35 and 40 years old should have the first breast medical exam. This will be the basis for assessing breast conditions changes on future exams.

From 40 to 50 years the frequency of taking a mammography should be determined by the doctor. This frequency will depend on the patient's breast conditions and her personal and family medical history.

After age 50, it is recommended that the patient undergo a mammography annually.

When mammography is not recommended?

Mammography is not recommended If the patient is breastfeeding or pregnant, If the patient underwent a mammography examination that resulted in normal results, within 12 months or If the patient is under 35 years old and is not part of the breast cancer risk group.

Are you up to date with your health and preventive tests?

If you are already on age for breast cancer prevention, you can count on our OB-Gyn services at any of our clinics. Do not hesitate to contact us.

Date Published
2019-10-08

Relevant Tips for a Good Prenatal Care

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Celebrating Mother's Day with some tips for a healthy pregnancy

Prenatal care is very important; not only for your baby's health, but also for yours. 

During the pregnancy period, follow the basics: eating a healthy diet, getting enough rest, not smoking, drinking alcohol or taking drugs. Schedule your first prenatal care check-up as soon as you find out you have synthoms you can be pregnant, so you can check your health condition and can find out your due date.

Don't miss any of the prenatal care check-ups, even if you’re feeling fine. You will get blood and urine tests during most of your visits and a blood pressure check at every visit. Your doctor may recommend certain vaccinations or prenatal tests at your check-ups. Prenatal tests monitor the evolution of the pregnancy and your baby's health. They include ultrasound to monitor the development of the fetus and mesure different parameters as the size of relevant organs and, if indicated, they may include amniocentesis or chronic villus sampling.

During the prenatal care check-ups, your doctor will also asks you about your family health history to see if certain medical conditions run in your family. Always tell your doctor how you’re feeling and ask as many questions as doubts you have so you are well informed about every detail on what’s happening throughout your pregnancy.


Why is prenatal care important?

Prenatal care allows you to achieve good maternal health, normal development of the fetus, and to promote optimal childbirth conditions. This way, maternal complications during pregnancy will decrease, as well as newborn complications such as low birth weight and other neonatal conditions or diseases.

Prenatal care seeks to provide education to improve the quality of life of the expectant couple, and that of the expected child. This process involves prenatal care, childbirth, and newborn care.

Prenatal care should start at the time you learn you are pregnant, ideally you should be evaluated well before the 14th week of pregnancy to assess the health of the pregnant woman, determine the pregnancy risks that may be associated with the mother's and her family medical history, and take the appropriate actions to achieve a successful pregnancy.

Warning signs to watch out for during your pregnancy

It is of the utmost importance that you know the warning signs that can occur during pregnancy. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, immediately go to urgent care:

  • Excessive weight gain (more than two kilograms in one week).
  • Swelling or edema in your feet, hands, or face.
  • Altered vision (blurred vision, spots).
  • A decrease in the amount of urine.
  • Burning during urination or foul-smelling urine.
  • Uncontrollable vomiting.
  • Severe and persistent headache.
  • Intense pain in your esophagus or stomach.
  • Decrease in- or absence of fetal movements.
  • Vaginal bleeding.

 

 

Date Published
2019-05-03

Ready to run: use a suitable method and prevent pain

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Running has become a cool sport. People of all ages find have found in this activity a simple way to exercise, improve their health and burn calories, not taking some preventive measures pain. For this reason, here are some tips to run following a suitable method
 

Getting ready to start

  • First of all, each person should have clear what is the objective. If running responds to the wish of health improvement or weight loss. Once the main objective has been fixed, each one should ask for medical advice to establish the suitable physical routine.
  • The evaluation with a specialist will also clarify if the person has the required physical conditions to run because overweight people cannot start running in the same conditions as those ones with low muscle mass.
  • Acquire the suitable outfit for jogging. The footwear must be flexible, with good cushioning and made with light materials. As well, it must be temperature resistant. Nowadays, there are even specialized stores with applications where they measure each person’s foot determining their characteristics and goals in order to choose the most suitable shoe for running.
  • Although footwear is the most important thing, clothing is also relevant. Many people go jogging very early because of their tight schedule facing very cold climate conditions. For this reason, for those who to jogging before 6:30 a.m. should wear thermal clothing, whereas those who run at noon in warm conditions should wear also sunscreen, a cap and everything required to avoid sunstroke or dehydration.
  • In case of a half marathon or a marathon, it is important to remember that a previous strong training is required. To run a marathon (42 kilometers) it is recommended to train, at least, during six months, whereas in the case of a half marathon (21 km) the minimum training period is of three months.
     

When running

  • Practice at least three times per week to give time to muscles to recover.
  • Hydration and nutrition are essential. For 1 hour circuits, it is recommended to drink 100 cm3 of water every 15 minutes. In case of jogging more than two hours it is recommended to mix the water with sugars and mineral salts.
  • If you are motivated with the exercise routine avoid those foods that do not contribute anything, such as, saturated fats. The ideal thing is to consume natural juices before running and carbohydrates, which provide energy, one hour or two before exercising.
  • Fasting is not convenient because they cause that muscles will not have energy, a situation that can lead to hypoglycemia.
  • Keep in mind that athletes, who run in a professional way, do it in tip toes to achieve higher speed. If you see them training in their track do not try to imitate them, because a person who runs for health reasons should make a normal step, pushing forward with the middle of the foot. Do not put the whole foot (including the heel) firmly because this can cause an injury.
  • Stretching routines are mandatory, before and after running. This makes muscles to recover easier. Running without any warming may cause injuries.
     

Who should not practice this exercise?

  • Those people with uncontrolled cardiovascular medical problems should not practice running. Those with a medical record of hip, ankle or knee injury that were not adequately recovered.
  • People suffering from osteoarthritis because the impact accelerates joint damage.
  • People with clinical obesity. Before running they should practice other types of exercise to avoid injuries. The same is recommended for people whose body mass index is below the limit.
     

General advice

  • In case of feeling ill, sick, or fever it is recommended not to overstrive, being better recover first from the disease and, then, continue the routine.
  • Do not exercise after consuming too much alcohol. This speeds up liver’s energy consumption and performance will not be the same due to the existence of less reserves.
  • For those who want to practice more than cardiovascular exercise it is recommend doing weights or abs after running. The reason is that the muscle temperature is high and the body is prepared for the next process.
  • Nowadays, there are many mobile applications that can monitor the state of the exercise. It is recommended to strive one more level each day. 


Running constitutes an exercise of personal challenges, as there is no team to compete with. Overcoming these challenges generates a greater attraction and motivation to practice it, necessary to get up each day and follow the routine.

A proper diabetes diet helps to obtain better life quality

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The treatment of diabetes is dynamic. Apart from pharmacological treatment, the diabetes patient should reinforce it with a diet and practicing exercise in order to diminish the effects of the disease in the life quality.

It is important to remember that all foodstuff that is eaten is transformed into glucose. For this reason, the quantity and quality of the food becomes very important. In addition, a properly nutrition will be also helpful to control weight or, if necessary, loss it.

The following five tips are key to have food as a helpful weapon in to live together with the diabetes: 
 

1. Develop a meal plan

Every diet must be personalized taking into account the conditions of each person. As well, child’s diet is different to the one of an adolescent or an adult. There are also special situations, such as pregnancy and breastfeeding, as well as, high blood pressure, high cholesterol or kidney damage.
 

2. What kind of food to consume

It is important to design balanced menus using current products, paying attention to carbohydrates, sugars, proteins and fats. It is recommended the consumption of whole grains and fruit (not juice) due to their fiber levels. As well, it is important to acquire proteins which can be found in lean meats and consume poultry and fish instead of red meats.

It is recommended to limit foods with high levels of sugar (sweets, sodas and desserts) and to use salt in small amounts when preparing meals and snacks.
Pay attention to the amount of carbohydrates consumed per day. Refined flour bakery and foods rich in sugar increase rapidly blood glucose levels because they are quickly digested and stored in blood.

When shopping, it is important to read the labels and make an informed decision. Regarding liquids, it is important to drink between 6 and 8 glasses of water per day, as well as tea, coffee and aromatic waters.
 

3. When preparing meals…

Choose steamed, roasted, grilled or baked foods and avoid the fried ones. When using oil this should be done from canola, sunflower, corn, olive or soya. Oil must not be reused. As well, it is important to avoid margarines. For seasoning, species can be an option to avoid creamy sauces like mayonnaise.
 

4. Respect food amounts and meal schedules

As regular physical activity and medications, eating habits help to maintain desired sugar level in blood. It is important to respect the quantity and timing of meals. Meals should be defined with medical guidance.
 

5. Eating outside

Diet indications should be also applied when eating outside. It is suggested to plan ahead this activity respecting meals schedule and choosing carefully the dishes according to the meal plan. In the daily care of diabetes, the patient plays a leading role. Consequently, following the recommendations for a suitable nutrition makes the difference in how the disease affects the living standards of each person.

 

Dr. Ernesto Moscoso
Endocrinology
Affiliated to ColSanitas